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Public Safety Wireless Fiber Transport System

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Optical Zonu RF Over Fiber Transport for Public Safety Wireless

There are numerous Public Safety and Private Radio RF source and booster products that can provide two-way radio service coverage for indoor or blocked locations over coax – but making an efficient connection between these components can sometimes be problematic because of distance or cabling routing issues. Optical Zonu offers a range of RF over fiber optic links that support VHF, UHF, 700 MHz, 800 MHz and 900 MHz. This is a perfect solution for point-to-point and distributed systems for Public Safety, private SMR and government wireless networks.

 


Optical Zonu offers RF over Fiber transport solutions to enable a range of Public Safety network architectures.

  • Primary RF signal transport 
    • Antenna Extender – Donor antenna to RF booster 
      • Point to point
      • Distributed
    • RF booster or radio to DAS headend
    • Base station distribution/simulcast
    • Multi-channel point to point
  • GPS over Fiber 
    • GPS antenna to base station 
      • Point to point
      • Distributed
    • GPS antenna to network timing server

 

Antenna Extender

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Indoor coverage for Public Safety wireless services is an occupancy pre-req in many jurisdictions across the US. As this requirement is driven by coverage and not capacity, off-air connections to radio towers with wireless emergency services are generally sufficient. Where the signal from the outside cannot penetrate to provide adequate indoor coverage, a DAS (Distributed Antenna System) is used. 

To pick up the needed Public Safety wireless signal, a directional donor antenna is mounted outdoors with a line of sight view to the donor site tower. This signal must then be amplified to a level sufficient to drive the DAS so a BDA (Bi-Directional Amplifier) or RF booster (FCC terminology) must be used.

In some cases, a coaxial cable connection between the donor antenna and the RF booster is not practical or possible to provide the coverage needed. This is usually because the cable run is too long making the RF losses too high. In these cases, Optical Zonu’s Antenna Extender provides a drop-in solution.

There are three cases where the Optical Zonu solution is needed to complete the system:

  1. Distance: The only location for the donor that has a strong signal from the donor site is too far from the RF booster location to use coaxial cable.
  2. Interference: Potential donor antenna locations that have a view of the donor site and that are close enough that coaxial cable could be used would jam the indoor coverage for nearby buildings.
  3. A single donor antenna must feed multiple RF boosters.

Antenna Extender: Point-to-Point

The Optical Zonu Antenna Extender is an RF-Over-Fiber coaxial cable replacement between the donor antenna and the RF booster. It is filtered to pass only the RF bands of interest thus preventing transmitting or receiving any interference. The Public Safety wireless version supports the 700/800 MHz bands. It connects directly to the RF booster and no adjustments are needed. The Antenna Unit connects to the donor antenna and can be powered locally or remotely. The Equipment Unit connects directly to the RF booster. As shown in the figure, the units can be powered locally or remotely. Remote powering permits installation of the Antenna Unit with the donor antenna on a mast in locations that have no local power. The -48 VDC power supply can support a voltage drop up to 12 VDC (4000 ft for 20 AWG wire). Also, this allows for the entire link to be centrally powered from a battery-backed up source in compliance with NFPA standards.

Antenna Extender: Simulcast to Multiple BDAs

In this scenario, a multi-building facility is far from network macro coverage or is in a shadow zone where coverage is blocked by other structures or geography. In this case, the Optical Zonu Antenna Extender is available in a configuration that can distribute the donor signal for up to eight locations. The downlink signal is split eight ways by an optical splitter. The Equipment Units are modified with additional downlink gain to compensate for the additional losses. For the uplink, the laser in each Equipment Unit is set to a different CWDM (coarse wave division multiplex) wavelength so that, when combined they do not interfere with one another. Each Equipment Unit then connects to an RF booster that drives the DAS in that building.

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Optical Zonu Distributed Antenna Extender. This configuration permits simulcasting of the off-air mobile wireless signals for up to 8 RF boosters each driving a DAS in different buildings.

RF Booster to Active DAS Headend Transport

When the off-air donor site is far away, the Antenna Extender may not have sufficient uplink transmit power and downlink sensitivity for a connection of suitable fidelity. In this case, a higher power, low Noise Figure RF booster must be connected directly to the donor antenna. This may mean that the RF booster is far from the DAS headend. Since active DAS typically accept relatively low RF power and have simplex RF ports, a fiber optic connection between the RF booster and DAS solves the problem.

Optical Zonu offers a range of solutions to satisfy your budget and mechanical requirements.

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OZ600 Stand Alone Modules: compact (3 x 5 in), DC-powered transceivers. A pair of units provides a wideband RF link that covers 100 MHz through 2700 MHz. Each unit is DC-powered with separate RF In and RF Out SMA ports. Available with two single mode fibers or a single fiber with the WDM option.

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J Chassis – Modular Rack Mount: a 1RU (1.75 in) high, 19 in rack mounted modular chassis with 5 plug-in slots. One slot is generally used for a DC or AC power supply. The other four slots can be fiber optic transceiver, power amplifier, gain control, filter or splitter/combiner plug-ins.

An example of a J Chassis configuration used in conjunction with an OZ600 transceiver is shown in the drawing. Here, the duplexed coverage signal from the BDA is tapped and split into uplink and downlink paths for connection to the OZ600 module. At the DAS headend, the fiber optic transceiver plug-in converts the signal to RF. The downlink signal is routed to an amplifier plug-in to boost the signal to a level suitable for the DAS.

ZC9500 Fiber Transport: a fixed configuration in a 1RU (1.75 in high), 19 inch rack mounted chassis. Available with 1, 2, 3 or 4 two-way RF paths. Separate RF In and RF Out ports for each path. Available with simple contact closure alarms or local and remote SNMP computer control and monitoring.

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Base Station RF Distribution

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The ZC9500 or J Chassis described above can also be used as a central RF over Fiber hub to simulcast Public Safety RF to multiple remote sites. The OZ600 fiber optic transceiver can be connected to any of the RF boosters from any one of Optical Zonu’s partners, acting as a fiber optic interface that connects to the central hub. When this architecture is applied to simulcasting the macro site, the BDAs indicated would be deployed on multiple towers to guarantee complete coverage. To prevent simulcast interference, the same fiber cable length is used for each site with the excess cable for the shorter runs spooled locally. This ensures that the transit times for the RF signals are identical for each site.with the excess cable for the shorter runs spooled locally. This ensures that the transit times for the RF signals are identical for each site.

GPS Fiber Transport

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Public Safety communications require accurate timing referenced to a traceable universal time. This is provided by using GPS as the reference. This ensures accurate time stamps on communication events. It also ensures accurate management of talk and listen channels in the network as well as seamless coordination between overlapping networks. The reference is provided by providing a GPS connection directly to the base station radios and by the GPS connection to the Grand Master timing servers in the network. These timing servers generate sync signals that are distributed radios in the network over the backhaul connection to the hub. When these radios and timing servers are installed in the basement far from the building rooftop, a coaxial connection to the GPS antennas is not practical. Optical Zonu solves this problem with the GPS Fiber Transport.  The compact (6 x 9 in) Antenna Unit connects to the GPS antenna and can be mounted outdoors or indoors. This unit converts the GPS signal to an optical signal. The Base Unit converts this back to the GPS RF signal for connection to the base station equipment or timing servers. The Base Unit is available with 8 or 16 RF outputs.

The Antenna Unit is also available with 2 RF connections for a 2nd GPS antenna. In this case, the Base Unit includes an RF switch that selects one signal path as the primary, then flips to the other antenna path if there is any failure on the primary.

For sites requiring more than 16 GPS connections, a 1×2, 1×4 or 1×8 optical splitter can be inserted to route the GPS signal to multiple Base Units.

For sites requiring only one or two GPS connections, a compact (3 x 5 in) GPS Base Unit is available in the OZ600 housing.

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